Kuwait Growth

Kuwait is located in the northeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Iraq to the north and west, Saudi Arabia to the south, and the Persian Gulf to the east. Its strategic location along the coast of the Arabian Gulf has made it a vital hub for trade and commerce.


Kuwait’s geography is characterized by flat desert terrain, coastal areas, and sparse vegetation.


Kuwait has a desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. Temperatures can soar above 50°C (122°F) in the summer months, while winter temperatures rarely drop below 10°C (50°F). Rainfall is scarce, and most precipitation occurs during the winter months.


The desert environment of Kuwait supports a variety of wildlife, including Arabian oryx, gazelles, desert foxes, and various bird species. Marine life in the Persian Gulf includes dolphins, turtles, and a diverse range of fish.

Longest Rivers

Kuwait is a desert country and does not have any significant rivers.

Highest Mountains

Kuwait is largely flat and does not have any significant mountainous terrain.


Kuwait’s history is steeped in tradition and shaped by its strategic location along ancient trade routes.


The earliest evidence of human habitation in Kuwait dates back to the Stone Age, with archaeological sites revealing the presence of ancient settlements and artifacts. The region was inhabited by nomadic tribes who relied on fishing, hunting, and trade for survival.

Ancient Period

Kuwait’s strategic location along the coast of the Arabian Gulf made it an important center for maritime trade in antiquity. The city of Failaka, located on an island off the coast of Kuwait, was inhabited by civilizations such as the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Greeks.

Islamic Era

Islam spread to Kuwait in the 7th century, bringing with it a new era of cultural and religious influence. The region became part of the Abbasid Caliphate and later the Ottoman Empire, experiencing periods of prosperity and stability under Islamic rule.

Modern Age

Kuwait emerged as a distinct political entity in the 18th century when the Al Sabah dynasty established control over the region. The discovery of oil in the early 20th century transformed Kuwait into one of the wealthiest countries in the region, fueling rapid economic development and modernization.


Kuwait gained independence from British colonial rule in 1961, becoming a sovereign nation with Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah as its first ruler. The country’s newfound wealth from oil resources enabled it to invest in infrastructure, education, and social welfare programs.


Kuwait has a population of approximately 4.5 million people, with a diverse mix of ethnicities and nationalities.


The majority of Kuwait’s population is Arab, with significant communities of expatriates from various countries, including India, Pakistan, Egypt, and the Philippines.


Islam is the predominant religion in Kuwait, with the majority of the population adhering to the Sunni branch of Islam. There is also a significant Shiite Muslim minority.


Arabic is the official language of Kuwait, although English is widely spoken, especially in business and government.


Kuwait’s culture is influenced by its Arab heritage, Islamic traditions, and modern influences. Hospitality is highly valued in Kuwaiti society, and traditional customs such as coffee ceremonies and Bedouin hospitality continue to be practiced.

Administrative Divisions

Kuwait is divided into six governorates, each headed by a governor appointed by the Emir of Kuwait.

List of Administrative Divisions with Population

  1. Al Asimah Governorate – Population: 1.5 million
  2. Hawalli Governorate – Population: 850,000
  3. Farwaniya Governorate – Population: 1 million
  4. Jahra Governorate – Population: 600,000
  5. Mubarak Al-Kabeer Governorate – Population: 300,000
  6. Ahmadi Governorate – Population: 700,000

10 Largest Cities by Population

  1. Kuwait City
  2. Hawalli
  3. Farwaniya
  4. Salmiya
  5. Jahra
  6. Sabah Al Salem
  7. Al Ahmadi
  8. Al Jahra
  9. Al Farwaniyah
  10. Al Fahaheel

Education Systems

Education in Kuwait is free and compulsory for Kuwaiti citizens from kindergarten to the end of secondary school. The country has a well-developed education system, with a mix of public and private schools. Kuwait University is the country’s largest and most prestigious university, offering a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs.


Kuwait has a modern transportation infrastructure, with a network of roads, airports, and ports.


Kuwait has one major international airport, Kuwait International Airport, located in Farwaniya Governorate. The airport serves as a hub for both domestic and international flights.


Kuwait has a network of modern highways connecting major cities and towns across the country. The total length of highways in Kuwait is approximately 6,000 kilometers.


The Port of Shuwaikh is Kuwait’s main commercial port, handling the majority of the country’s imports and exports. Other major ports include the Port of Shuaiba and the Port of Mina Al-Ahmadi.

Country Facts

  • Population: 4.5 million
  • Capital: Kuwait City
  • Language: Arabic, English
  • Religion: Islam (Sunni and Shiite)
  • Race: Arab (majority), expatriate communities
  • Currency: Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD)
  • ISO Country Codes: KW
  • International Calling Code: +965
  • Top-level Domain: .kw