Texas, United States

Texas, United States

Country USA
Capital city Austin
Area 696,241 km²
Population 29,145,505 people (2020)
41.9 people/km²
Counties 254
Governor Greg Abbott
Time zone UTC-6
ISO 3166-2 US-TX
Official site www.texas.gov
Texas

Texas (Spanish: Texas or Tejas (Texas); means “friend” in the local Indian language) is a state in the United States. Texas is the second most populous state (after California) and the second largest US state (after Alaska). Geographically, it is located in the south-central part of the country, sharing an international border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas to the south, and bordering the US states of New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east. Texas has a total area of ​​695,626 km², of which 678,045 km² is land and 17,581 km² is water (2.52%). The population is growing, with 27,469,114 inhabitants (2015).

The city of Houston, population 2,195,914 (2010), is the largest city in Texas and the fourth largest city in the United States, while the city of San Antonio is the second largest in the state and the seventh largest city in the United States. Dallas-Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest urban areas in the United States. Other large cities are El Paso and Austin , the state capital. Texas’ nickname is the “Lone Star State.”

In 1845, the state of Texas joined the United States, becoming the 28th state. For a time it was a separate republic that broke away from Mexico.

Geography

Texas map

Texas is the second largest American state after Alaska, with an area of ​​696,241 km². Its area is 10% larger than France and almost twice the size of Germany or Japan, ranking it 27th in the world in size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest country in the world by area, after Chile and Zambia.

Texas is located in the south-central part of the United States. Three of its borders are defined by rivers. The Rio Grande forms the natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas to the south. The Red River is a natural border with the states of Oklahoma and Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with the state of Louisiana to the east. The Texas panhandle has as its eastern and northern border the state of Oklahoma (respectively at 100° west longitude and 36°30 north latitude), and to the west it borders the state of New Mexico (at 103° west longitude). City of El Pasois located in the western end of the state on the Rio Grande, at 32° north latitude.

Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcony Fault, Texas has a variety of landforms that closely resemble the American South and Southwest. Although the state is popularly associated with the desert Southwest, less than 10% of its area is desert. Most of the settlements are located in the areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests and along the coast. Moving from east to west, the terrain varies from coastal marshes and coniferous forest (Piney Woods, which is a separate ecoregion), to sand flats and rocky hills, and finally the desert and sparsely populated mountains of the Big Bend region.

Cities

As of July 1, 2013, there are 36 cities in Texas with populations over 100,000. These are:

  1. Houston
  2. San Antonio
  3. Dallas
  4. Austin
  5. Fort Worth
  6. El Paso
  7. Arlington
  8. Corpus Christi
  9. Playnow
  10. Laredo
  11. Lubak
  12. Garland
  13. Irving
  14. Amarillo
  15. Grand Prairie
  16. Brownsville
  17. Pasadena
  18. McKinney
  19. Mesquite
  20. Killeen
  21. Frisco
  22. Macallan
  23. Waco
  24. Carrollton
  25. Midland
  26. Denton
  27. Ableen
  28. Beaumont
  29. Odessa
  30. Round Rock
  31. Wichita Falls
  32. Richardson
  33. Louisville
  34. Tyler
  35. Pearland
  36. College Station

Other cities

  • Edinburgh
  • Eldorado
  • Caldwell
  • Longview
  • Santa Clara
  • Waxahachie
  • Uvalde
  • Wheeler
  • Fredericksburg
  • Georgetown

Towns

  • San Saba

Counties

Texas is made up of 254 counties, more than any other state:

  1. Airion
  2. Anderson
  3. Angelina
  4. Andrews
  5. Aransas
  6. Armstrong
  7. Archer
  8. Atascosa
  9. Bandera
  10. Bosky
  11. Bastrop
  12. Bailey
  13. Baylor
  14. Bel
  15. Bear
  16. Beat
  17. Blanco
  18. Borden
  19. Bowie
  20. Brazoria
  21. Brazos
  22. Brown
  23. Briscoe
  24. Brooks
  25. Brewster
  26. Burleson
  27. Burnett
  28. Val Verde
  29. Val Zand
  30. Washington
  31. Victoria
  32. Galviston
  33. Garza
  34. Gaines
  35. Gillespie
  36. Glascock
  37. Goliath
  38. Gonzalez
  39. Greg
  40. Grey
  41. Grayson
  42. Grimes
  43. Guadalupe
  44. Dallas
  45. Dalham
  46. Delta
  47. Denton
  48. DeWitt
  49. Def Smith
  50. Jack
  51. Jackson
  52. Jasper
  53. Jeff Davis
  54. Jefferson
  55. Jim Wells
  56. Jim Hogg
  57. Johnson
  58. Jones
  59. Dickens
  60. Dimit
  61. Donly
  62. Doson
  63. Duvall
  64. Edwards
  65. Ector
  66. El Paso
  67. Ellis
  68. Zavala
  69. Zapata
  70. Eirad
  71. Eastland
  72. Joachim
  73. Young
  74. Callahan
  75. Calhoun
  76. Cameron
  77. Carnes
  78. Carson
  79. Cas
  80. Castro
  81. Camp
  82. Kendall
  83. Kennedy
  84. Kent
  85. Kimball
  86. King
  87. Kini
  88. Kleberg
  89. Clay
  90. Cochran
  91. Caldwell
  92. Colin
  93. Collingsworth
  94. Coleman
  95. Colorado
  96. Komal
  97. Comanche
  98. Concho
  99. Coryell
  100. Boiler
  101. Coke
  102. Coffman
  103. Crane
  104. Croquet
  105. Crosby
  106. Cook
  107. Culberson
  108. Kur
  109. Live Oak
  110. Limestone
  111. Lamar
  112. Lamb
  113. Lampasas
  114. La Salle
  115. Lavaca
  116. Rope
  117. Liberty
  118. Lee
  119. Lynn
  120. Lyon
  121. Lipscomb
  122. Loving
  123. Lubak
  124. Maverick
  125. McLennan
  126. McCulloch
  127. McMullen
  128. Marion
  129. Martin
  130. Matagorda
  131. Medina
  132. Madison
  133. Mason
  134. Menard
  135. Midland
  136. Mills
  137. Milham
  138. Mitchell
  139. Montgomery
  140. Montague
  141. Plague
  142. Morris
  143. Motley
  144. Navarro
  145. Out of nowhere
  146. Knox
  147. Nolan
  148. Newaysis
  149. Newton
  150. Oldham
  151. Orange
  152. Austin
  153. Ochiltree
  154. Palo Pinto
  155. Panola
  156. Parker
  157. Parmer
  158. Pecos
  159. Col
  160. Potter
  161. Presidio
  162. Randall
  163. Real
  164. Refurio
  165. Red River
  166. Reagan
  167. Reigns
  168. Reeves
  169. Roberts
  170. Robertson
  171. Rockwall
  172. Runnels
  173. Rusk
  174. Sabine
  175. Somervell
  176. San Jacinto
  177. San Augustine
  178. San Patricio
  179. San Saba
  180. Scurry
  181. Smith
  182. Old
  183. Stevens
  184. Stonewall
  185. Sterling
  186. Swisher
  187. Sutton
  188. Titus
  189. Tarrant
  190. Tyler
  191. Taylor
  192. Terry
  193. Terrell
  194. Tom Green
  195. Travis
  196. Trinity
  197. Throckmorton
  198. Wise
  199. Wood
  200. Web
  201. Wheeler
  202. Wilbarger
  203. Wilson
  204. Willis
  205. Williamson
  206. Winkler
  207. Wichita
  208. Walker
  209. Waller
  210. Ward
  211. Wharton
  212. Fayette
  213. Fannin
  214. Fisher
  215. Floyd
  216. Falls
  217. Ford
  218. Fort Bend
  219. Franklin
  220. Freestone
  221. Frio
  222. Hamilton
  223. Hansford
  224. Hardin
  225. Hardman
  226. Harris
  227. Harrison
  228. Hartley
  229. Haskell
  230. Howard
  231. Hale
  232. Hayes
  233. Hemphill
  234. Henderson
  235. Hidalgo
  236. Hill
  237. Hockley
  238. Hall
  239. Hopkins
  240. Hood
  241. Hudspeth
  242. Hutchinson
  243. Hunt
  244. Houston
  245. Childress
  246. Chambers
  247. Cherokee
  248. Shackleford
  249. Shelby
  250. Schleicher
  251. Sherman
  252. Upton
  253. Upsher
  254. Yuvaldi

Austin

Country USA
State Texas
District Travis
Area 704 km²
Highness height 149 m
Population 978,908 people (2019)
1,390 people/km²
Agglomeration 2,227,083 people
Mayor Stephen Adler
Founding December 27, 1839
ZIP code 78701–78705, 78708–78739, 78741–78742, 78744–78769, 78701, 78704, 78709, 78711, 78714, 78717, 78719, 78722, 78724, 78728, 78730, 78734, 78737, 78742, 78746, 78749, 78751, 78752, 78757, 78759, 78760, 78763, 78765, 78769
Telephone code 512
Official site www.austintexas.gov
Austin

Austin (in English: Austin) is the capital of the state of Texas in the USA. It is also the county seat of Travis County. Located in Central Texas, Austin is the 11th most populous city in the United States and the 4th most populous city in Texas. Between 2000 and 2006, Austin was the third fastest growing city. Austin is also the second largest state capital in the US.

It has a population of 885,400 (July 2013). The Austin–San Marcos metropolitan area has a population of 1,833,051 (2013). Austin is home to one of the largest public universities in the United States – the University of Texas.

Twin Cities

Austin has 13 sister cities.

Country City Country / District /Region / State Date
Australia Adelaide South Australia 1983
France Angers Pays de la Loire 2011
Turkey Antalya Antalya 2009
South Korea Guanmyeon Gongi 2001
Great Britain Hack it East London 2014
Germany Koblenz Rhineland-Palatinate 1991
Peru Lima Lima 1981
Lesotho Maseru Maseru 1978
Japan Oita Oita Prefecture 1990
Nigeria Eagle Imo State 2000
Mexico Saltillo Coahuila de Zaragoza 1968
Republic of China (Taiwan) Taichun Central Taiwan 1986
China Xishuangbanna Yunnan Province 1997

Austin

Famous people

Born in Austin

  • John Varley (b. 1947), writer
  • Gold Dust (b. 1969), wrestler
  • Kenneth Cockrill (b. 1950), astronaut
  • Ellar Coltrane (b. 1994), actor
  • Timothy Kopra (b. 1963), astronaut
  • Paul London (b. 1980), wrestler
  • Mickey Madden (b. 1979), musician
  • Benjamin McKenzie (b. 1978), actor
  • Nelly (b. 1974), singer
  • Marshall Allman (b. 1984), actor
  • Ciara (b. 1985), singer
  • Ethan Hawke (b. 1970), actor
  • Amber Heard (b. 1986), actress

Died in Austin

  • Robert Noyce (1927-1990), entrepreneur

Texas, United States

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