|Population||29,145,505 people (2020)
Texas (Spanish: Texas or Tejas (Texas); means “friend” in the local Indian language) is a state in the United States. Texas is the second most populous state (after California) and the second largest US state (after Alaska). Geographically, it is located in the south-central part of the country, sharing an international border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas to the south, and bordering the US states of New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east. Texas has a total area of 695,626 km², of which 678,045 km² is land and 17,581 km² is water (2.52%). The population is growing, with 27,469,114 inhabitants (2015).
The city of Houston, population 2,195,914 (2010), is the largest city in Texas and the fourth largest city in the United States, while the city of San Antonio is the second largest in the state and the seventh largest city in the United States. Dallas-Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest urban areas in the United States. Other large cities are El Paso and Austin , the state capital. Texas’ nickname is the “Lone Star State.”
In 1845, the state of Texas joined the United States, becoming the 28th state. For a time it was a separate republic that broke away from Mexico.
Texas is the second largest American state after Alaska, with an area of 696,241 km². Its area is 10% larger than France and almost twice the size of Germany or Japan, ranking it 27th in the world in size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest country in the world by area, after Chile and Zambia.
Texas is located in the south-central part of the United States. Three of its borders are defined by rivers. The Rio Grande forms the natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas to the south. The Red River is a natural border with the states of Oklahoma and Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with the state of Louisiana to the east. The Texas panhandle has as its eastern and northern border the state of Oklahoma (respectively at 100° west longitude and 36°30 north latitude), and to the west it borders the state of New Mexico (at 103° west longitude). City of El Pasois located in the western end of the state on the Rio Grande, at 32° north latitude.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcony Fault, Texas has a variety of landforms that closely resemble the American South and Southwest. Although the state is popularly associated with the desert Southwest, less than 10% of its area is desert. Most of the settlements are located in the areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests and along the coast. Moving from east to west, the terrain varies from coastal marshes and coniferous forest (Piney Woods, which is a separate ecoregion), to sand flats and rocky hills, and finally the desert and sparsely populated mountains of the Big Bend region.
As of July 1, 2013, there are 36 cities in Texas with populations over 100,000. These are:
- San Antonio
- Fort Worth
- El Paso
- Corpus Christi
- Grand Prairie
- Round Rock
- Wichita Falls
- College Station
- Santa Clara
- San Saba
According to Countryaah, Texas is made up of 254 counties, more than any other state:
- Val Verde
- Val Zand
- Def Smith
- Jeff Davis
- Jim Wells
- Jim Hogg
- El Paso
- Live Oak
- La Salle
- Out of nowhere
- Palo Pinto
- Red River
- San Jacinto
- San Augustine
- San Patricio
- San Saba
- Tom Green
- Fort Bend
|Highness height||149 m|
|Population||978,908 people (2019)
|Founding||December 27, 1839|
|ZIP code||78701–78705, 78708–78739, 78741–78742, 78744–78769, 78701, 78704, 78709, 78711, 78714, 78717, 78719, 78722, 78724, 78728, 78730, 78734, 78737, 78742, 78746, 78749, 78751, 78752, 78757, 78759, 78760, 78763, 78765, 78769|
Austin (in English: Austin) is the capital of the state of Texas in the USA. It is also the county seat of Travis County. Located in Central Texas, Austin is the 11th most populous city in the United States and the 4th most populous city in Texas. Between 2000 and 2006, Austin was the third fastest growing city. Austin is also the second largest state capital in the US.
It has a population of 885,400 (July 2013). The Austin–San Marcos metropolitan area has a population of 1,833,051 (2013). Austin is home to one of the largest public universities in the United States – the University of Texas.
Austin has 13 sister cities.
|Country||City||Country / District /Region / State||Date|
|France||Angers||Pays de la Loire||2011|
|Great Britain||Hack it||East London||2014|
|Mexico||Saltillo||Coahuila de Zaragoza||1968|
|Republic of China (Taiwan)||Taichun||Central Taiwan||1986|
Born in Austin
- John Varley (b. 1947), writer
- Gold Dust (b. 1969), wrestler
- Kenneth Cockrill (b. 1950), astronaut
- Ellar Coltrane (b. 1994), actor
- Timothy Kopra (b. 1963), astronaut
- Paul London (b. 1980), wrestler
- Mickey Madden (b. 1979), musician
- Benjamin McKenzie (b. 1978), actor
- Nelly (b. 1974), singer
- Marshall Allman (b. 1984), actor
- Ciara (b. 1985), singer
- Ethan Hawke (b. 1970), actor
- Amber Heard (b. 1986), actress
Died in Austin
- Robert Noyce (1927-1990), entrepreneur