New York, United States

New York, United States

Country USA
Capital city Albany
Area 141300 km²
Population 20,215,751 people (2021)
Governor Kathy Hawkel
Time zone UTC -5/-4
ZIP code NY
ISO 3166-2 US-NY
Official site
New York

New York (in English: New York) is a state in the United States with the abbreviation NY and the administrative center is the city of Albany . New York was one of the first thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With a population of more than 19 million, the state is the fourth most populous in the country.

Two-thirds of the state’s population lives in the metropolitan area surrounding New York City (including nearly 40% of Long Island). Both the city and the state take their name from the 17th century Duke of York, the future James II. With a population of about 8.34 million (2019), New York City is the most populous in the country. A global city, New York is home to the headquarters of the United Nations. The city has been described as the cultural, financial, and media center of the world, as well as the most economically powerful city in the world. The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, andSyracuse. The state capital is Albany.

Ranked 27th in area, New York State has a diverse geography. It borders New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, to the east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian province of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state lies in the Atlantic Plain and includes Long Island and several smaller islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley. The Upper New York region includes parts of the Appalachians and Adirondack. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes Region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and Niagara Falls. The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourism destination.

When the first Europeans arrived, New York had already been inhabited for several centuries by the Algonquins and the Iroquois. French settlers and Jesuit missionaries arrived from Montreal to trade and proselytize. In 1609, Henry Hudson, sailing for the Dutch East India Company, reached the area. In 1614, the Dutch built Fort Nassau at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the current state capital, Albany, later developed.

Many of New York’s landmarks are well known, including four of the top ten tourist attractions of 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, and Grand Central Station. The Statue of Liberty is located in New York. There are approximately 200 colleges and universities in New York State, including the State University of New York.

As of August 2021, the governor of the state of New York is Cathy Hawkel, the first woman in history to hold this position .


Topographic map of New York State

It is located in the northeastern part of the United States and is bordered by Canada to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the south.

The state has a population of 19,490,297 (2008) and a total area of ​​140,908 km², of which 121,940 km² is land and 18,968 km² (13.46%) is occupied by inland water bodies.

The highest elevation in New York is Mount Marcy in the Adirondacks, at 1,629 m above sea level, and the lowest point in the state is at sea level at the Atlantic Ocean .

Unlike the urban landscape of New York City, the vast majority of New York State is dominated by meadows, forests, rivers, farms, mountains, and lakes. Most of the southern part of the state lies on the Allegheny Plateau, which stretches from the southeastern United States to the Catskill Mountains. The part on which New York is situated is known as the South Hill. The Adirondack Rocky Mountains are located in the northern part of the state, west of the Lake Champlain Valley. The eastern part of the state is located in the Great Valley and includes the Lake Champlain Valley in its northern half and the Hudson River Valley in its southern half. Because of the wide variation in geographic features, to distinguish the New York metropolitan region from the rest of the state, the informal names Upstate New York are often used(northern part) and Downstate New York (southern part).


Cities (cities)

  • Buffalo
  • Glen Cove
  • Glens Falls
  • Jamestown
  • Yonkers
  • And so
  • Corning
  • Middletown
  • new York
  • Newburgh
  • Turn around
  • Albany
  • Peekskill
  • Rochester
  • Rome
  • Saratoga Springs
  • Syracuse
  • Skenectady
  • Watervliet


  • Bedford
  • Eastern
  • Lansing
  • Long Beach
  • New Berlin
  • Oxford
  • Southampton
  • Inhale
  • Hamilton
  • Harrison ~
  • Huntington

Villages (village)

  • Cooperstown
  • Massapequa
  • Menands
  • Tarrytown
  • Harrison ~

~ Note: Settlements marked with ~ have the status of both a town and a village.


  • Bay Shore
  • Brentwood
  • West Point
  • Hopog


The state of New York consists of 62 counties, 5 of which are also administrative districts of the city of New York :

  1. Allegheny
  2. The Bronx
  3. Broome
  4. Washington
  5. Green
  6. Delaware
  7. Genesius
  8. Jefferson
  9. Duchess
  10. Erie
  11. Essex
  12. Yeats
  13. Cattarogus
  14. Cayuga
  15. Kings
  16. Clinton
  17. Colombia
  18. Courtland
  19. Queens
  20. Livingston
  21. Lewis
  22. Madison
  23. Monroe
  24. Montgomery
  25. Nassau
  26. Niagara
  27. new York
  28. Albany
  29. Oneida
  30. Onondaga
  31. Ontario
  32. Orange
  33. Orleans
  34. Oswego
  35. Otsego
  36. Putnam
  37. Rensselaer
  38. Richmond
  39. Rockland
  40. Saratoga
  41. St. Lawrence
  42. Seneca
  43. Scoharius
  44. Skenectady
  45. Stuben
  46. Sullivan
  47. Suffoc
  48. Tayoga
  49. Tompkins
  50. Wyoming
  51. Wayne
  52. Westchester
  53. Warren
  54. Franklin
  55. Fulton
  56. Hamilton
  57. Herkimer
  58. Shenango
  59. Shiming
  60. Schuyler
  61. Chattoqua
  62. Ulster


Country USA
State new York
Area 56.6 km²
Highness height 60 m
Population 95,658 people (2000)
1,690 people/km²
Founding 1614
ZIP code 12201 – 12232
Telephone code +1 518
Official site

Albany (in English: Albany ) is the capital of the state of New York, United States of America, and the administrative center of Albany County. Albany is located on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 135 miles (220 km) north of New York City.

Albany is known for its rich history, commerce, culture, architecture, and institutions of higher learning. Albany is the economic and cultural center of the New York State Capitol District, which includes the Albany-Schnectady – Troy, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area, including the nearby cities and suburbs of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga Springs. As of 2013, the population of the Capitol District was 1.1 million, making it the third most populous metropolitan area in the state.

The area that later became Albany was settled by Dutch settlers who in 1614 built Fort Nassau for the fur trade. In 1624 they built Fort Orange. In 1664, the British took control of the Dutch territories and renamed the city Albany, in honor of the Duke of Albany, the future King James II. Albany became the capital of New York in 1797. The city is one of the oldest surviving settlements of the original British Thirteen Colonies.

In the late 18th century and most of the 19th century, Albany was a commercial and transportation center. The city is located at the upper end of the navigable Hudson River, was the original eastern terminus of the Erie Canal reaching the Great Lakes, and had one of the world’s first railroad systems. In the 1920s, a powerful political machine controlled by the Democratic Party was born in Albany. At the end of the 20th century, the city’s population decreased due to the process of suburbanization. At the beginning of the 21st century, the city saw growth in the field of high technology and especially nanotechnology.

Albany Cultural and Educational Center.


It is located on the Hudson River. Within its outline is Castle Island.

The population of the city is about 96,000 people (2000).


It was founded by Dutch fur traders as Fort Orange in the New Netherland colony in 1614. In the past, it was known for its duty-free port, which attracted traders and carriers.

The postal and later financial company ” American Express ” was founded in the city (its headquarters are today in New York).


Nightlife and entertainment

Albany’s geographic location—about equidistant from New York City to the south and Montreal to the north, as well as about 4.5 hours east of Buffalo and 2.5 hours west of Boston—makes the city a convenient stop for artists and performances. touring the country on national tours.


Alive at 5 is a free, weekly concert series held every Thursday in downtown Albany. In 2010, the 10 concerts of this series were attended by about 100,000 people.

The Tulip Festival takes place in Washington Park and celebrates Albany’s Dutch heritage. This traditional event for the city marks the beginning of spring when, at the beginning of May, thousands of tulips bloom in the park. In 2010, the festival was visited by about 80,000 people.

Another major festival in Albany is the Capital Pride Parade and Festival, a large gay pride event held every June attended by about 30,000 people from Upstate New York.

Museums and historical buildings

Due to Albany’s historical and political significance, the city has numerous museums, historic buildings, and historic neighborhoods. Albany is home to the New York State Museum, the New York State Library, and the New York State Archives; all three are located in the Cultural and Educational Center and are free to visit.

The Albany Institute of History and Art is “dedicated to the collection, preservation, interpretation, and promotion of interest in the history, art, and culture of Albany and the Upper Hudson River Valley region.” Among the permanent exhibits, the collection features works of art movement Hudson River and Ancient Egypt Exhibition.

Albany has 57 sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places and 5 National Historic Landmarks. The Ten Broeck Mansion, dating from 1797, is a historic house museum and headquarters of the Albany Regional Historical Association. The mansion was built for Abraham Ten Broeck, mayor of Albany in 1779-1783 and 1796-1798.


Albany’s economy, like that of the Capitol District, is heavily dependent on the government, health care, education, and, more recently, technology sectors. Due to the traditional stability of these economic sectors, the local economy is relatively protected from national economic recessions. More than 25% of the population works in the public sector. Albany’s estimated daytime population is 162,000. Compared to the rest of the country, Albany has the fourth-highest number of lawyers relative to its working population (7.5 lawyers per 1,000 jobs), behind Washington, DC, Trenton, New Jersey, and New York City, respectively.


Since the 1920s, the Democratic Party has been dominant in Albany.

In November 2013, Katie Sheehan became the first woman elected mayor of Albany.


Rail Transport

Amtrak connects Albany to the south with New York, to the north with Montreal, and Rutland (Vermont), to the west with Niagara Falls, Toronto and Chicago, and to the east with Boston.


Born in Albany

  • Marion Zimmer Bradley (1930 – 1999), writer
  • William Kennedy (b. 1928), writer
  • Nicole Stott (b. 1962), astronaut
  • Learned Hand (1872 – 1961), lawyer
  • Joseph Henry (1797 – 1878), physicist

Twin Cities

Albany has 5 sister cities:

  • Nassau, Bahamas
  • Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • Quebec, Canada
  • Tula, Russia
  • Verona, Italy

New York, United States

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