New Jersey, United States

New Jersey, United States

Country USA
Capital city Trenton
Area 22,608 km²
Population 9,288,994 people (2020)
411 people/km²
Governor Phil Murphy (D)
ISO 3166-2 US-NJ
Official site
New Jersey

New Jersey (English: New Jersey) is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region in the northeastern part of the United States, whose zip code is NJ, and its capital is Trenton. Its area is 22,102 km², of which 18,856 km² is land and 3,246 km² is water. New Jersey has a population of 8,958,013 (2015). It is a peninsula bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, especially along the length of New York City on the western end; to the east, southeast and south of the Atlantic Ocean; west of the Delaware Riverand Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by Delaware Bay and the state of Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth -smallest state by land area, but the eleventh-most populous state, with about 9 million residents (2017), and the most densely populated of the 50 US states.

New Jersey has been inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years with historic tribes such as the Delaware along the coast. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state. The English later took control of the region, calling it the Province of New Jersey after the largest island of the Channel Islands, Jersey , granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. New Jersey is the site of several decisive battles during theThe American Revolutionary War in the 18th century.


At only 47th place by area, New Jersey is the most densely populated state. It has about 9 million inhabitants. It is located between New York to the north and east, Pennsylvania to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. It was named after the island of Jersey in the English Channel. The highest point is Mount Montague, Sussex County (550 m). There are many rivers in New Jersey. The main ones are Manasquan, Morris, Roway, Raritan.


The first to explore the coast was the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazano. He set foot here in 1524. A century later, in 1638, Swedes founded the first colony. In 1660, the Dutch built the city of Bergen. In 1664, the British came to these places. They conquered Bergen and renamed it Jersey City. The region successively passed into the hands of the French, the British, and the Germans.

In 1721, William Trent founded a small settlement and called it the pretentious name of Trent’s Town. The ambition of the inhabitants was to earn the honor of being called citizens, and in a short time the village grew into a well-organized city. In 1790, Trenton was chosen as the capital. At the end of the 18th century, for several years it was even the capital of the United States.

In 1746, the first university was founded in Princeton – today one of the most prestigious in the world.

During the War of Independence (1776 – 1783), the area became the arena of numerous battles. New Jersey was the third state to join the United States of America. The memorial date is December 18, 1787.

The history of the state preserves quite a few curious events. In 1876, Thomas Edison opened a laboratory in Menlo Park. Three years later, he invented the light bulb, and in 1883 Rossell became the first American city lit by electricity. John Stevens built the first locomotive here. In the 19th century, the first ferry line was launched in New Jersey. The world’s first underground car tunnel was built under the Hudson River in 1927. The work of engineer Clifford Holland, the tunnel connects New Jersey with New York and is 2,600 m long.

Administrative division



New Jersey consists of 21 counties:

  1. Atlantic
  2. Burlington
  3. Bergen
  4. Gloucester
  5. Essex
  6. Cape May
  7. Camden
  8. Cumberland
  9. Monmouth
  10. Middlesex
  11. Morris
  12. Mercer
  13. Ocean
  14. Passaic
  15. Somerset
  16. Salem
  17. Sussex
  18. Warren
  19. Hudson
  20. Hunterdon
  21. Union


The state’s population is about 2.8% of the US population.

Racial composition

  • 68.6% – white
  • 13.7% – blacks
  • 8.3% – Asians


Country USA
State New Jersey
District Mercer (County
Area 21.25 km²
Highness height 16 m
Population 84,913 people (2010)
Founding 1719
Official site

Trenton (in English: Trenton) is a city and the capital of the American state of New Jersey. Trenton is also the county seat of Mercer County. In 2010, the city had 84,913 inhabitants and a total area of ​​21.10 km².


Trenton was founded in 1679 by Quakers. In 1776, the battle for Trenton from the American War of Independence took place here, in which the Americans under the command of Gen. George Washington wins an important victory.

Famous people

Born in Trenton

  • Walter Ealing Evans-Wentz (1878 – 1965), anthropologist
  • George Entile (1900 – 1959), composer
  • Richard Kind (b. 1956), actor
  • Gregory Mankiw (b. 1958), economist
  • Dennis Rodman (b. 1961), basketball player
  • Norman Schwarzkopf (1934 – 2012), officer

Died in Trenton

  • Richard Kuklinski (1935 – 2006), criminal

New Jersey, United States

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