|Population||7,029,917 people (April 1, 2020)|
|Time zone||UTC -5/ -4|
Massachusetts (in English: Massachusetts), officially – Commonwealth of Massachusetts (in English: Commonwealth of Massachusetts) is a state in the northeastern part of the United States of America, in the New England region. The state zip code is MA, and the capital and largest city is Boston, which is also the most populous city in the New England area. Over 80% of the population of Massachusetts lives in the greater Boston region. The region is significant to America historically, academically, and industrially. Initially, its population was engaged in fishing, agriculture and trade, but during the industrial revolution, Massachusetts was transformed into an industrial center. In the 20th century, the economic profile of the state shifted towards services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, education and finance.
The state is named after the Massachusetts Indian tribe, which once inhabited its eastern territories and was one of the first thirteen colonies of European settlers . In 1620, the Pilgrims who arrived on the ship Mayflower settled in the Plymouth Colony . At first, relations with the native population they found were friendly, and the settlers celebrated the first Thanksgiving for the bountiful harvest with the Indians who had helped them through the previous winter. Other Puritans soon arrived, and in 1630 the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded on the site of present-day Boston .
In 1691, the colonies of Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay and Maine were united into the Province of Massachusetts Bay, which received an official charter from the English monarchs William and Mary. Accordingly, the administration of the colony was entrusted to a governor appointed by England. The settlers were highly religious, and in 1692 the town of Salem and the surrounding areas experienced one of the most scandalous cases of mass hysteria in the United States, the Salem Witch Trials against women accused of witchcraft.
Massachusetts became the center of the struggle for independence of the thirteen colonies from Great Britain – the local colonists were not satisfied with the English rule and rebelled in the 1680s . The English government’s attempts to increase taxes after the end of the French and Indian War in 1763 led to the so-called Boston Massacre (in English: Boston Massacre) in 1770 and culminated in the famous Boston Tea Party of 1773, which contributed to the beginning of the American Revolution.
The American Revolution began with the battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775. In June, future president George Washington led the Continental Army. His first victory was at the siege of Boston in the winter of 1775-76, after which the British forces were forced to leave the city.
Massachusetts was the sixth state in a row to ratify the Constitution in February 1786. It was admitted to the United States on February 6, 1788. Massachusetts-born John Adams played a major role in the struggle for independence and was one of the founding fathers of the United States. He was the first vice president and the second president of the United States (1797 – 1801). His son John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States (1825 – 1829).
It borders the states of Vermont and New Hampshire to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and southeast, Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, and New York to the west . The population of Massachusetts is about 6,794,422 (2015).
Massachusetts has an area of 26,816 km², which makes it among the smallest states in terms of area (in seventh place) . Of it, 20,295 km² are land and 6,521 km² are water. The state’s highest point is Mount Greylock, located in the northwestern part of the state, reaching 1,063 m.
The topography of the state is hilly and flat. Picturesquely located in the easternmost part of the state is the Cape Cod Peninsula. The coast is highly dissected by numerous bays, the largest of which are Massachusetts Bay, Boston Bay, and Cape Cod Bay. Larger islands are Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard.
Massachusetts is one of the leading states in terms of economic indicators. The average annual income per person is $50,735 (third in the country). High technology, the financial sector, medical services, biotechnology and tourism are the main sectors of the economy. As of April 2010, unemployment was 9.2%.
The state’s most important agricultural products are blueberries (second only to Wisconsin) and seafood. Seedlings, dairy products, vegetables are also produced. The main industrial production is machines, electrical equipment, scientific instruments, printed publications (publishing activity), tourism is also developed.
Massachusetts Congress, Boston
- The ever
- New Bedford
- West Newbury
- West Springfield
- Fall River
- The tide
- West Newbury
- The Falmouth
- I’m chatting
- The yoke
According to Countryaah, Massachusetts is divided into 14 counties:
- The tide
According to unofficial data, the number of Bulgarians in Massachusetts is about 6,000 people. In Boston, there is a Bulgarian Orthodox church “St. Petka”, and the services are conducted jointly with the Serbian Orthodox community. A large number of students coming on summer work programs reside on Cape Cod from mid-May to the end of September.
|Highness height||43 m|
|Population||590,763 people (2006)
|Telephone code||617, 857|
Boston (in English: Boston) is a city located on the east coast of the United States. It is the capital and largest city of the state of Massachusetts. Boston is the unofficial economic, cultural and educational center of New England. The city has an estimated population of 590,763 as of 2006, and together with the suburbs it forms an agglomeration called Greater Boston, with a population of over 4,400,000. Together with the cities of Manchester, Worcester and Providence (in the state of Rhode Island), the agglomeration reaches 7,400,000 inhabitants.
1801 State Street
Boston is one of the oldest cities in the USA. It was founded in 1630 by Puritan settlers. The city played an important role in the struggle for American independence. Some of the most important battles between the settlers and the Queen’s army took place in its vicinity. In the port of Boston, the so-called Boston Tea Party.
After independence, Boston became one of the country’s major port and manufacturing centers. Today, the city attracts over 16 million visitors from all over the world with its sights, history and culture. The first American public school and the first college – Harvard was opened here in 1636 in the suburb of Cambridge. The first subway in the USA was also built in Boston.
The Killian Court of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Boston is one of the first cities in the world that can be called cosmopolitan. With its nearly 100 universities, colleges and scientific institutions, the city attracts over 250 thousand young people from all over the world, making it one of the largest and most important educational centers in the world. The more famous universities and colleges are Harvard, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston University, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Boston College, Boston Institute of Art, New England Conservatory of Music, Berklee College, etc.
Boston Public Schools is the oldest school system in the United States. The system enrolls more than 57,000 students annually in its 145 schools, including Boston Latin School, the oldest public school in the United States since 1635, and others.
- Kyoto, Japan (1959)
- Strasbourg, France (1960)
- Barcelona, Spain (1980)
- Hangzhou, China (1982)
- Padua, Italy (1983)
- Melbourne, Australia (1985)
- Taipei, Taiwan (1996)
- Sekondi Takoradi, Ghana (2001)
- Belo Horizonte, Brazil (2007)
The city’s economy is based mainly on research, finance, technology – especially biotechnology. Boston is one of the cities with the highest standard of living in the United States. Boston’s colleges and universities have a major impact on the city and regional economy. They not only provide employment and education, but also manpower for the city and the region. Students leave over $4 billion annually in the city to the universities and the city. Tourism is a major source of income for the city. Tourists spend over $7 billion annually, making the city one of the top ten most visited cities in the US. Another important sector for the city’s economy is financial and insurance services. The city is also the regional headquarters of many banks such as Bank of America, Citizens Bank, Independent Bank, etc. There are numerous publishing houses and printing houses in the city. The city is home to four convention and exhibition centers. The city is the state capital and therefore many federal agencies, the state administration are located here.
Many global companies have offices in Boston, some of them have chosen the city as the seat of their activity – Gillette, Procter & Gamble, New Balance, etc. Boston is home to management consulting firms such as the Boston Consulting Group.
In terms of the number and concentration of high-tech companies, Boston (along with the surrounding area) ranks second in the world after Silicon Valley. Many of these companies are located along Route 128 in Massachusetts (which is Boston’s ring road). When tech circles say Route 128, they mean “Silicon Valley, which is on the Atlantic coast.”
Symphony Hall Home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra
Boston is unique among American cities due to the fact that it is a mixture of European and American culture. A huge part of the buildings are more than a hundred years old. Boston impresses with the contrast of old and new – the old churches are located right under the new glass skyscrapers. As some of the most interesting places to visit in the city, the following can be defined:
- The Science Museum, with a rich collection of materials in the fields of technology, biology and astronomy.
- The art museum, which houses one of the largest collections of Monet paintings and a large collection of Egyptian mummies.
- The New England Aquarium.
- Boston Park
- Christian Science Church Park – One of the largest churches in the US, which can hold 3,000 people.
- Symphony Hall.
- Quincy Market – an old city market that has a huge variety of food and places where you can eat cuisine from all over the world, a haunt of artists and painters;
- The Prudential Tower – the second tallest building in Boston, in which there are organized rooms, from which there is a wonderful view of all of Boston and the bay, the so-called. The Skywalk is located on the 50th floor.
- John Hancock Tower – the tallest building in New England and Boston at 60 stories (no tours).
Logan Airport, Terminal A
Boston has several train stations that are combined with bus stations and connect it to the rest of the US and Canada. The city has a large port and several airports, with Logan Airport being international. Boston is served by planes from all major American cities and the largest cities in the world. There is organized public transport and a metro here. The road network in the city is very well structured. Urban highways connect the suburbs with the center and the airport. Some of them have been built in the form of tunnels, thus diverting traffic underground. One of the tunnels that reach the airport is driven under Boston Bay.
Boston’s North End neighborhood
- West Roxbury
- East Boston
- Mission Hill
- Hyde Park
- South End
- North End
- South Boston
- Back Bay
- Beacon Hill
The Bulgarian community
There is a Bulgarian community of about 2-3 thousand people in Boston. In 2000, the community began work on collecting funds for the Bulgarian Orthodox Church – “Sveta Petka”.