Idaho, United States

Idaho, United States

Country USA
Capital city Boys
Area 216,632 km²
Population 1,839,106 people (2020)
8.49 people/km²
Counties 44
Governor Butch Otter
Time zone Pacific: UTC -7/ -6
ZIP code ID
ISO 3166-2 US-ID
Official site www.idaho.gov
Idaho

Idaho (in English: Idaho) is a state in the United States, whose zip code is ID, the capital is Boise. Area 216,632 km² (2.28% of the US), population 1,716,943 (2017), 0.72% of the US population, density 7.9 people/km². The state’s nickname is the Gem State because only here (apart from the Himalayas) can star garnets be found. and the motto “It Is Perpetual .

Geography

Geographical location, boundaries

The state is located in the northwestern part of the USA, about 550 km east of the coast of the Pacific Ocean. To the east it borders the states of Wyoming and Montana, to the west with Oregon and Washington, to the south with Nevada and Utah, and to the north with the Canadian province of British Columbia.

Relief

A large part of the territory of Idaho is occupied by the southern parts of the Columbia Plateau and the northern parts of the Rocky Mountains. On a long stretch along the border with Montana, from north-northwest to south-southeast, the mighty Bitterroot ridge (Mount Scott 11393 f, 3473 m) stretches. In the extreme north, on the border with Canada, extend the southern parts of the Selkirk Ridge (Mount Smith, 2304 m). To the east along the border with the state of Wyoming and to the southeast, along the border with the state of Utah several mountain ranges are located: Snake River (Mt. Palisade, 2981 m), Caribou (Mt. Caribou, 2989 m), Webster (Mt. Mead, 2730 m), Wasatch (Mt. Sherman, 2947 m), Bannock (Mt. Scott, 2655 m), Sublet (Peak Black Rain, 2861 m), Albion (Peak Kash, 3151 m) and others. The central part of the state, west of the Bitterroot ridge, is occupied by powerful mountain ridges and massifs: the mountains – Clearwater (Pt. Snowside, 3246 m), Boulder (Mount Castle, 3601 m), Pioneer (Mount Heidman, 3660 m), Lemhai (Mount Diamond, 3718 m) and Lost River (Mount Bora, 3859 m) – the highest point in the state of Idaho.

In the southern part of the state, from west to east, like a convex arc to the south, stretches the vast mountain plain of the Snake River, about 550 km long and up to 100 km wide. Here the altitude varies from 550 to 1800 m. the south-western part of the state is a semi-desert area with separate elevations and heights and mostly dry valleys deeply cut into the terrain.

Leads

A major waterway in Idaho is the Snake River (a left tributary of the Columbia), which flows through its southern portion from east to west and along its western border from south to north. Main tributaries are: left – Grace, Blackfoot, Bannock, Raft, Goss, Salmon Falls, Bruno, Owaihi; right – Camas, Wood, Boisey, Pyitt, Weiser, Salmon, Clearwater. In the northern part of the state, part of the middle and upper courses of the Kutney, Pond Orey and Spokane rivers, left tributaries of the Columbia, pass. In the northern part, on the Pond Oreille River is the beautiful mountain lake Pond Oreille (the largest in the state), and on the Spokane RiverCor Dlane Lake is located. In its extreme southeastern part, on the border with the state of Utah, there is Bear Lake, and 100 km north of it – Lake Grace. Due to the limited amount of precipitation in the state of Idaho, many dams were built: Doorshack, American Falls, Island Park, Blackfoot, Palisade, etc.

Climate

The state’s topographic features reflect its diverse climate. Despite the fact that it is 560 km from the Pacific Ocean, the western air masses, which are the main source of atmospheric moisture, are of essential importance for its climate. During the summer season, although rarely, moisture is also carried by air masses coming from the south, from the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. During winter, averages of cloudiness, precipitation, and air temperature are higher than those of the same latitude in the continental United States. Due to the fact that the northern parts of the state are more exposed to the influence of moist oceanic air masses than those in the south, surrounded by mountain ranges, the climatic conditions are significantly different. In general, the climate is temperate continental, and in the south dry, arid .

In the northern parts, the annual amount of precipitation is twice as high as in the southern: 760 and 330 mm respectively. In winter, the north experiences higher temperature and humidity than the south, and the difference in humidity between the north and the south can reach a four-fold difference. In general, the average temperature and humidity in the southeast is much lower than in the western and northern regions of the state. The coldest month is January, with the average daily temperature below 0 °C. In winter, in the mountainous regions of the north and east, the temperature often drops below -30 °C, and precipitation is abundant: 510 mm of rain and 890 mm of snow. The warmest month is July, with maximum temperatures measured in the state’s flatlands, the Snake River Valleyand the lower reaches of the Clearwater River. Often in the southwestern semi-desert regions, the air temperature exceeds 37 °C. The absolute minimum temperature of -51 °C was recorded on January 18, 1943 in Grade Island Park, and the absolute maximum of 48 °C on July 28, 1934.

Minerals

The state is rich in minerals, which is why nearly 65% ​​of its territory is owned by the federal government. Silver (first place in production in the USA), zinc, gold, lead and others are mined.

Economics

The economy of the state is oriented in agriculture. 1/3 of the potatoes in the US are grown here. Cattle (meat breeds) are the second most important agricultural production in the state.

From industry, the most important is the production of semiconductors and chips. These productions are mainly concentrated in the capital, Boise. Global giants such as Micron Technology (the only US manufacturer of DRAM chips) and Hewlett Packard have factories here. Dell ‘s largest support center is located in Twin Falls. Idaho National Laboratory (INL), the state’s nuclear research agency, complements Idaho’s high-tech industrial profile.

The state’s GDP for 2004 was $43.6 billion, or $26,881 per capita.

Sections of 5 interstate highways and 9 interstate highways pass through the state:

  • Interstate Highway – 196 miles (315.4 km), in the eastern part, from north to south;
  • Interstate Highway – 275.7 miles (443.6 km), in the southern part, from west to southeast;
  • Interstate Highway – 69.9 miles (101.1 km), in the southeast part, between Interstate Highways and;
  • Interstate Highway – 73.9 miles (118.9 km), in the northern part, from west to east;
  • Interstate – 3.6 miles (5.8 km), within the Boise metropolitan area.
  • Interstate Highway – 80.2 miles (129 km), in the northern part, from west to east;
  • Interstate Highway – 174.4 miles (280.7 km), in the northern part, from west to east;
  • Interstate Highway – 411 miles (661 km), in the southern part, from west to east;
  • Interstate Highway – 402 miles (646.8 km), in the southern part, from west to east;
  • Interstate Highway – 415.6 miles (668.8 km), in the southern part, from west to east;
  • Interstate Highway – 40.6 miles (65.3 km), in the southeast part;
  • Interstate Highway – 127.4 miles (205 km), in the southeastern part, from south to north;
  • Interstate Highway – 350.8 miles (564.6 km), in the middle section, from south to north;
  • Interstate Highway – 538.6 miles (866.7 km), in the western part, from south to north.

Education

Three universities are located in the state. The main and most prestigious is the University of Idaho (University of Idaho), which is also the oldest – it was founded in 1889. It is located in Moscow. The other two universities are Idaho State University in Poucatelow and Boise State University.

Cities

  • Idaho Falls
  • Island Park
  • Arco
  • Blackfoot
  • Boys
  • Burley
  • Garden City
  • Driggs
  • Ketchum
  • Caldwell
  • Lewiston
  • McCall
  • Mountain Home
  • Meridian
  • Nampa
  • Rexburg
  • Sandpoint
  • Sun Valley
  • Twin Falls
  • Wallace
  • Mackay

Administrative division

The state of Idaho is divided into 44 counties. They are:

  • Idaho County has the largest area, 22,021 km², and Payette County, 1,062 km², the smallest;
  • The most populous is Ada County, 456,849, and the least populous is Clark County, 873;
  • The highest population density is Ada County at 166.4 people/km² and the least dense is Clark County at 0.06 people/km².
Counties in the state of Idaho
County Name Area, km²
(place in state)
% of state area
Population (2017)
(place in state)
% of state population
Density, people/km² Administrative center
(English)
coordinates
Established Formed by
Adams 3548
(22), 1.64
4147
(40), 0.24
1.17 Council 44 ° 43′48 ″
N 116°26′10″ W. e.
March 3, 1911 Washington County
Idaho 22 021
(1), 10.20
16,369
(20), 0.95
0.70 Grangeville (Grandeville)
45°55′34″ N 116°07′16″ W. e.
February 4, 1864 Washington Territory
Bannock 2972
(27), 1.38
85,269
(5), 5.00
28.70 Pocatello 42 ° 52′30 ″
N 112°26′49″ W. e.
March 6, 1893 Bingham County
Boundary 3311
(24), 1.53
11,922
(25), 0.69
3.60 Bonners Ferry (Bonners Ferry)
48°41′31″ N 116°19′05″ W. e.
January 23, 1915 Bonner County
Benewah 2031
(34), 0.94
9184
(30), 0.53
4.52 Saint Marys (St. Maries)
47°18′54″ N 116°34′16″ W. e.
January 23, 1915 Kootenai County
Bear Lake 2718
(32), 1.25
6028
(36), 0.35
2.22 Paris (Paris)
42°13′41″ N 111°23′56″ W. e.
January 5, 1875 Oneida County
Bingham 5491
(12), 2.53
45,927
(7), 2.67
8.36 Blackfoot (Blackfoot)
43°11′24″ N 112°20′46″ W. e.
January 13, 1885 Oneida County
Blaine 6892
(7), 3.18
22,024
(16), 1.28
3.20 Hailey (Hailey)
43°30′54″ N 114°18′22″ W. e.
March 5, 1895 Alturas County
Boise 4938
(15), 2.28
7290
(31), 0.42
1.50 Idaho City (Idaho City)
43°49′44″ N 115°49′55″ W. e.
February 4, 1864 Idaho Territory
Bonneville 4923
(16), 2.27
114,595
(3), 6.67
23,28 Idaho Falls (Idaho Falls)
43°29′31″ N 112°01′55″ W. e.
February 7, 1911 Bingham County
Bonner 4972
(14), 2.30
43,560
(8), 2.53
8.76 Sandpoint (Sandpoint)
48°15′01″ N 116°34′01″ W. e.
February 21, 1864 Kootenai County
Butte 5787
(11), 2.67
2602
(42), 0.15
0.18 Arco (Arco)
43°38′06″ N 113°18′04″ W. e.
February 6, 1917 Bingham, Blaine, Jefferson counties
Valley 9670
(5), 4.46
10,687
(28), 0.62
1.11 Cascade (Cascade)
44°30′58″ N.W. 116°02′38″ W. e.
February 26, 1917 Idaho counties, Boise
Gooding 1901
(36), 0.88
15,124
(21), 0.88
7.96 Gooding (Gooding)
42°56′13″ N.W. 114°42′50″ W. e.
January 28, 1913 Lincoln County
Gem 1465
(40), 0.68
17,379
(19), 1.00
11.86 Emmett (Emmett)
43°52′23″ N 116°29′42″ W. e.
March 15, 1915 Boise, Kenyon counties
Jerome 1559
(39), 0.72
20 468
(18), 1.19
13,13 Jerome (Jerome)
42°43′30″ N.W. 114°31′05″ W. e.
February 8, 1919 Gooding counties, Lincoln
Jefferson 2863
(28), 1.32
28,446
(12), 1.66
9.94 Rigby (Rigby)
43°40′26″ N 111°54′58″ W. e.
February 18, 1913 Fremont counties
Ada 2745
(31), 1.27
456,849
(1), 26.60
166.40 Boise (Boise)
43°36′50″ N 116°14′17″ W. e.
December 22, 1864 Boise County
Elmore 8032
(6), 3.70
26,823
(13), 1.56
3.34 Mountain Home (Moutain Home)
43°08′13″ N 115°41′38″ W. e.
February 17, 1889 Alturas County
Camas 2795
(29), 1.29
1102
(43), 0.06
0.39 Fairfield (Fairfield)
43°20′46″ N 114°47′28″ W. e.
February 6, 1917 Blaine County
Caribou 4658
(18), 2.15
7034
(35), 0.40
1.51 Soda Springs (Soda Springs)
42°39′29″ N 111°35′46″ W. e.
February 11, 1919 Bannock Counties
Cassia 6683
(9), 3.09
23,664
(14), 1.38
3.54 Burley (Burley)
42°32′10″ N 113°47′35″ W. e.
February 20, 1879 Owaihi County
Canyon 1563
(38), 0.72
216,699
(2), 12.60
138.64 Caldwell 43 ° 39′29
N 116°40′48″ W. e.
March 7, 1891 Ada County
Clark 4572
(19), 2.11
873
(44), 0.05
0.06 Dubois (Dubois)
44°10′26″ N 112°13′55″ W. e.
February 1, 1919 Fremont County
Clearwater 6444
(10), 2.97
8546
(31), 0.50
1.33 Orofino 46 ° 29′10
N 116°15′32″ W. e.
February 27, 1911 Nez Perce County
Kootenai (Cootenai) 3408
(23), 1.57
108,685
(4), 6.30
31.90 Coeur d’ Alene 47° 41′35
″ N 116°46′48″ W. e.
December 22, 1864 Nez Perce County
Custer 12,786
(3), 5.90
4172
(39), 0.24
0.28 Challis (Challis)
44°30′14″ N.W. 114°13′41″ W. e.
January 8, 1881 Alturas, Lima counties
Latah 2789
(30), 1.29
39,333
(10), 2.29
14.10 Moscow 46 ° 43′55
N 116°59′49″ W. e.
May 14, 1888 Nez Perce County
Lemhi 11,835
(4), 5.46
7875
(32), 0.46
0.67 Salmon (Salmon)
45°10′41″ N 113°54′11″ W. e.
January 9, 1869 Idaho County
Lincoln 3123
(25), 1.44
5318
(37), 0.31
1.70 Shoshone (Shoshone)
42°56′13″N 114°24′29″ W. e.
March 18, 1895 Alturas, Blaine counties
Lewis 1243
(41), 0.57
3887
(41), 0.23
3.13 Nezperce 46 ° 14′02 ″
N 116°14′24″ W. e.
March 3, 1911 Nez Perce County
Madison 1226
(42), 0.57
39 141
(11), 2.28
31.9 Rexburg (Rexburg)
43°49′23″ N 111°47′06″ W. e.
February 18, 1913 Fremont County
Minidoka 1976
(35), 0.91
20,729
(17), 1.21
10.5 Rupert (Rupert)
42°37′05″ N 113°40′26″ W. e.
January 26, 1913 Lincoln County
Nez Perce 2218
(33), 1.02
40,385
(9), 2.35
18.2 Lewiston (Lewiston)
46°25′01″ N 117°01′05″ W. e.
February 4, 1864 Washington Territory
Owyhee 19,934
(2), 9.2
11,628
(26), 0.68
0.58 Murphy (Murphy)
43°13′05″ N 116°33′07″ W. e.
December 31, 1863 Idaho Territory
Oneida 3112
(6), 1.44
4427
(38), 0.26
1.42 Malad City (Malad City)
42°11′28″ N 112°14′56″ W. e.
January 22, 1864 Idaho Territory
Payette 1062
(44), 0.49
23,215
(15), 1.35
21.9 Payette 44° 04′30 N.W. 116°55′48″ W. e. February 22, 1917 Kenyon County
Power 3736
(21), 1.72
7600
(33), 0.44
2.00 American Falls (American Falls)
42°46′52″ N 112°51′22″ W. e.
January 30, 1913 Bingham, Blaine, Oneida counties
Teton 1167
(43), 0.54
11,381
(27), 0.66
9.80 Driggs (Driggs)
43°43′34″ N 111°06′22″ W. e.
January 20, 1915 Madison County
Twin Falls 4995
(13), 2.30
85 124
(6), 4.96
17.00 Twin Falls (Twin Falls)
42°34′41″ N 114°28′30″ W. e.
February 20, 1907 Kasha District
Washington 3816
(20), 1.76
10,121
(29), 0.59
2.65 Waiser (Waiser)
44°15′00″ N 116°58′05″ W. e.
February 20, 1879 Boise County
Franklin 1731
(37), 0.80
13,564
(22), 0.79
7.80 Preston (Preston)
42°05′42″ N 111°52′30″ W. e.
January 20, 1913 Boise County
Fremont 4910
(17), 2.27
13,094
(23), 0.76
2.67 Saint Anthony (Saint Anthony)
43°57′58″ N 111°41′02″ W. e.
March 4, 1893 Bingham County
Shoshone 6826
(8), 3.15
12,542
(24), 0.73
1.84 Wallace (Wallace)
47°28′23″ N 115°55′30″ W. e.
February 4, 1864 Washington Territory
Idaho 216,632
(14), 2.28
1,716,943
(39), 0.52
7.90 Boise (Boise)
43°36′50″ N 116°17′17″ W. e.
3 July 1890 (43) Idaho Territory

Boise

Country USA
State Idaho
District Aida
Area 216,713.67 km²
Highness height 824 m
Population 202,832 people (2007)
Founding 1863
ZIP code 83701–83799, 83701, 83702, 83705, 83708, 83711, 83715, 83718, 83723, 83728, 83731, 83732, 83735, 83740, 83743, 83746, 83749, 83752, 83754, 83758, 83760, 83764, 83768, 83772, 83775, 83779, 83782, 83786, 83790, 83793, 83796, 83798
Telephone code 208
Official site www.cityofboise.org
Boys

Boise also Boise (in English: Boise) is a city and the capital of the state of Idaho in the United States. Boise has a population of 211,830 (2006) and a total area of ​​165.80 km² (64 mi²). Boise has the third largest Basque community in the world and the largest in the United States, with a population of about 15,000.

Idaho, United States

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