Geography of Orange County, Vermont

Orange County, located in the central part of Vermont, is a region characterized by its picturesque landscapes, diverse geography, and vibrant communities. From its rolling hills and lush forests to its winding rivers and pristine lakes, the county’s geography plays a significant role in shaping its environment, economy, and way of life. In this comprehensive overview, we’ll delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Orange County.


According to Lawfaqs, Orange County covers an area of approximately 692 square miles in central Vermont. It is bordered by Washington County to the north, Windsor County to the south, Addison County to the west, and Grafton County in New Hampshire to the east. The county seat is Chelsea, while other significant communities include Randolph, Bradford, and Tunbridge.

The landscape of Orange County is diverse, featuring rolling hills, fertile valleys, and dense forests. The county lies within the Green Mountains region of Vermont, which is characterized by its scenic beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and agricultural heritage. The region’s geography has been shaped by geological processes such as glaciation, erosion, and sedimentation, resulting in the diverse terrain that defines Orange County.


Orange County experiences a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons characterized by relatively cold winters and warm summers. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location, its high elevation, and its proximity to the Green Mountains.

Winters in Orange County are cold and snowy, with average high temperatures in the 20s and 30s Fahrenheit (around -6 to -1°C). Snowfall is common, particularly in December and January, with average annual snowfall ranging from 50 to 70 inches (about 127 to 178 cm). The region can also experience occasional winter storms and nor’easters, bringing heavy snowfall and strong winds.

Summers in Orange County are warm and relatively humid, with average high temperatures in the 70s and 80s Fahrenheit (around 21 to 27°C). Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, providing relief from the heat and contributing to the region’s lush vegetation.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons, with gradually changing temperatures and fluctuating weather patterns. These seasons bring mild, pleasant weather, making them ideal times to explore Orange County’s outdoor attractions and cultural events.

Rivers and Lakes

Orange County is home to several rivers, creeks, and lakes, which play important roles in both the region’s ecology and human activities such as recreation, fishing, and agriculture.

The White River, one of the major rivers in Vermont, flows through the central part of Orange County, providing habitat for diverse wildlife and supporting recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and kayaking. The river is known for its scenic beauty, clear waters, and important role in the region’s history.

Other significant rivers in Orange County include the Ompompanoosuc River, which flows through the eastern part of the county, and the Waits River, which meanders through the western part of the county. These rivers and their tributaries provide habitat for various species of fish, birds, and other wildlife, as well as opportunities for outdoor recreation and scenic beauty.

Orange County also contains several lakes and ponds, including Lake Fairlee and Lake Morey, which offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and swimming. These waterways provide additional recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike, as well as important habitats for waterfowl and other wildlife.

Natural Attractions

In addition to its rivers and lakes, Orange County boasts several natural attractions that showcase the region’s beauty and biodiversity.

The Green Mountain National Forest, located in the western part of Orange County, is a 400,000-acre forest that offers opportunities for hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing. The forest is home to diverse ecosystems, including hardwood forests, mountain streams, and alpine meadows, making it an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts.

Quechee Gorge, often referred to as the “Grand Canyon of the East,” is a scenic gorge located near the border of Orange County and Windsor County. The gorge features dramatic rock formations, cascading waterfalls, and panoramic views of the surrounding landscape, making it a popular destination for hiking, picnicking, and photography.


Orange County, Vermont, offers a diverse array of geographical features, including rivers, lakes, forests, and mountains. The region’s humid continental climate, natural beauty, and outdoor recreational opportunities make it a desirable destination for residents and visitors alike. Whether it’s exploring the White River, hiking in the Green Mountain National Forest, or admiring the views at Quechee Gorge, Orange County invites visitors to experience the best that central Vermont has to offer.

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