Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Children and Adolescents

When your child or teen is diagnosed with diabetes it means that your body does not produce insulin or insulin does not handle well. The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes means your pancreas does not produce insulin. When diagnosed with type 2 diabetes means that your body is not using insulin properly.

Insulin is the hormone secreted by the pancreas whose function is to transport blood glucose into body cells to be used as energy stream.

Without insulin levels blood sugar rise and your body begins to use fat as an energy source.

It is known as ketoacidosis when the patient metabolizes body fat rather than glucose due to insulin deficiency.
Causes of ketoacidosis

The main cause of diabetes ketoacidosis is that it has not been well controlled.

Your child or teen may be taking the wrong dose of insulin or diabetes medication, or have forgotten to take your dose.

If your child is sick, your body is suffering from an infection, has been surgically intervened or has had an accident that causes physical pain, blood glucose rises. If you are young and in the days of her menstrual period, also sugar may go up.

Ketoacidosis can also be, in many cases, the first sign that your child or teen is suffering from diabetes when not yet been detected with medical tests.

When the body breaks down fats it produces chemicals known as ketones. Ketones or acids produced accumulate in the blood and urine.

Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis

Your child or teen may have ketoacidosis if you feel very tired, very thirsty and urinate more often than usual. In some cases you may have a fever. Other symptoms are:

  • Stomach ache
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Fruity breath
  • heartbeat
  • Rapid, deep breathing
  • Drowsiness, weakness, confusion
  • Irritability
  • Weightloss
  • Dry eyes, mouth and skin
  • Diagnosis and treatment

For the diagnosis of ketoacidosis will be made a quick urine test using a test strip with chemicals that react with ketone bodies in urine. The strip will change color when immersed in urine indicating the presence of ketones. They can also do a blood test.

The patient presents with diabetic ketoacidosis severe symptoms of dehydration. The treatment involves replacing body fluids and control glucose levels in blood insulin. You will be given antibiotics in case of infection.

Gallery

Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Infants, Children, and …

Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Infants, Children, and ...

Source: care.diabetesjournals.org

Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Infants, Children, and …

Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Infants, Children, and ...

Source: care.diabetesjournals.org

Diabetic ketoacidosis in children and adolescents: An …

Diabetic ketoacidosis in children and adolescents: An ...

Source: bcmj.org

Juvenile Diabetes or Children with Type 1 Diabetes suffer …

Juvenile Diabetes or Children with Type 1 Diabetes suffer ...

Source: www.utahpeoplespost.com

DIABETES.

DIABETES.

Source: slideplayer.com

NURSE – Pediatric Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis …

NURSE – Pediatric Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis ...

Source: slideplayer.com

NURSE – Pediatric Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis …

NURSE – Pediatric Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis ...

Source: slideplayer.com

Pediatric Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA …

Pediatric Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA ...

Source: slideplayer.com

Information for People with Diabetes

Information for People with Diabetes

Source: www.novacares.com

A Breath Test for Ketoacidosis

A Breath Test for Ketoacidosis

Source: www.diabeticlifestyle.com

Metabolic Monitoring of Antipsychotic Medications: What …

Metabolic Monitoring of Antipsychotic Medications: What ...

Source: www.psychiatrictimes.com

Types of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

Source: cheenikumclinic.com

Chapter 34 Diane Wherrett, Céline Huot, Beth Mitchell …

Chapter 34 Diane Wherrett, Céline Huot, Beth Mitchell ...

Source: slideplayer.com

Care of Children With Diabetes in the School and Day Care …

Care of Children With Diabetes in the School and Day Care ...

Source: care.diabetesjournals.org

Flashcards – Pathology of CNS Infections

Flashcards - Pathology of CNS Infections

Source: www.studyblue.com

November | 2009 | Ruang Belajar Coass

November | 2009 | Ruang Belajar Coass

Source: kadaverboy.wordpress.com

Diabetes Mellitus in the Pediatric Population

Diabetes Mellitus in the Pediatric Population

Source: slideplayer.com

CASO CLÍNICO: CETOACIDOSE DIABÉTICA

CASO CLÍNICO: CETOACIDOSE DIABÉTICA

Source: slideplayer.com.br

CASO CLÍNICO: CETOACIDOSE DIABÉTICA

CASO CLÍNICO: CETOACIDOSE DIABÉTICA

Source: slideplayer.com.br

Cetoacidosis diabética en el servicio de urgencias pediatría

Cetoacidosis diabética en el servicio de urgencias pediatría

Source: es.slideshare.net