Comprehensive Guide to Dogma

A dogma is a proposition that is taken to be true and undeniable. It is about the fundamentals and basic principles of any science, religion, doctrine or system.

The dogma is supported by some authority and does not admit replicas. Its propositions can be scientific, but also religious or philosophical (that is, they cannot be tested for truth). The teaching of dogmas is known as indoctrination.

The term, at present, is strongly associated with theological dogma, which are the foundations that sustain and disclose a religion as indisputable truths. For the Catholic Church, for example, dogma is a doctrine of God that was revealed by Christ to men.

The Apostles’ Creed contains several of the main Catholic dogmas, such as the belief in a single God who appears as the Creator Father of the Universe, the Son who saves humanity (Christ) and the Holy Spirit.

All religions have their own dogmas.

In the case of Hinduism there are several dogmas that become fundamental pillars of said religion. Among them would be the fact that they must believe in two elements: karma and reincarnation. The first term refers to the fact that it is considered that everything that was done in past lives is essential to be able to understand the situation in which we are in this one and that the aforementioned will also be decisive for future lives.

The second concept mentioned, that of reincarnation, would come to make it clear that the faithful of the Hindu religion absolutely believe in the fact that when they die they will come back to life either again as people or as animals.

In the case of Buddhism, on the other hand, we find that among its fundamental dogmas are nirvana, karma as well and finally samsara.

For Judaism, Israel is God’s chosen people. Islam, for its part, maintains that all Muslims must make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives, as long as their means allow it.

On the other hand, “Dogma” is a film directed by Kevin Smith with the participation of Matt Damon, Ben Affleck, Salma Hayek and Alanis Morissette, among other figures. Dogma 95, finally, is a cinematographic movement created in Denmark that aims to shoot a film without post-production or special lighting, with a camera in hand and direct sound.

Another of the fundamental principles of Dogma 95 is that it must be shot in real spaces, without any type of set, and that the format must be 35 millimeters. All this without forgetting that the film to be recorded must be in color, that under no circumstances should the director appear in the credit titles and that the film cannot show crimes or weapons of any kind.

Among the most relevant filmmakers within this artistic movement we find Lars von Trier, Kristian Levring and Thomas Vinterberg.


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