Genital Herpes in Pregnancy

For pregnant women who have a history of genital herpes, concern about the consequences of this disease on their baby is great.

Genital Herpes in Pregnancy

In fact, there is a risk of contagion during pregnancy, but also during childbirth.

In this article you can learn more about this disease, the risks to the baby, and also, what care the pregnant woman should have.

What Is Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a disease caused by a virus, called herpes simplex (HSV), and is sexually transmitted.

Once the organism has been infected, it is very difficult for it to completely eliminate the virus and is therefore a problem that will be chronic.

Genital herpes is a disease that causes wounds and lesions on the mucous membranes and the skin of the male and female genital organs.

Symptoms of Genital Herpes

Common symptoms and manifestations in a man or woman with genital herpes include burning and itching of the genitals, skin and mucous membrane lesions, and signs of flu such as headaches, muscle aches, and fever.

Risk of contagion of the baby

The risk of contagion from the pregnant to the baby is great, and the greater the more recent the infection. Thus, in cases where the infection has recently been acquired, the risk of contagion of the baby is quite high, between 30% and 50%.

In cases of genital herpes due to an old infection, this risk is much lower, around 3%.

Most women with this disease have childbirth without any consequences for the baby.

However, when there are symptoms of infection in the last few weeks before delivery and at the time of delivery, a cesarean section is recommended as there is a very high risk of contagion for the baby.

And if the baby, at birth, get the infection, the risk of consequences is very high, because it has no antibodies that can fight the genital herpes virus.

Consequences for the baby

If the baby gets the genital herpes virus, there are several consequences that can follow. These may include:

– Risk of abortion;
– Mental deficiency;
– Microcephaly;
– Meningitis;
– Encephalitis;
– Eye lesions;
– Skin lesions;
– Hepatitis.

Care for pregnant women with genital herpes

The pregnant woman with genital herpes must therefore take extra care, in order to minimize the possibility of passing the infection to the baby.

These precautions include all measures that prevent the prevention of immunity, adequate nutrition, avoidance of stress, non-smoking and regular and moderate exercise.

In addition, you should always be aware of possible manifestations of the disease, so that you can start treatment as soon as possible.

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